A Foot in the Door

A foot in the dooris a case study produced by the Learning Hub that supports DFID’s Africa Regional Empowerment and Accountability Programme.  In this case study the Southern African Development The Southern Africa Trust and the State of the Union Coalition (SOTU) led by Oxfam present evidence of what approaches work in securing citizen voice on rights, and social and economic policies at continental, regional and national levels and why this work matters. It also highlights the role of Afrobarometer in providing national CSOs in 35 countries with high quality country-specific evidence on citizen perspectives to support their poverty analysis and national advocacy efforts on poverty related issues. The case study provides insights into the credibility that the AREAP partners bring to CSOs through association, organisation and improved standards of citizen action and governance. The Learning Hub is led by Triple Line Consulting

Empowerment Matters

Accountability mattersis a case study produced by the Learning Hub that supports DFID’s Africa Regional Empowerment and Accountability Programme. The case study uncovers the processes and approaches taken by the AREAP implementing partners, Afrobarometer, the Southern Africa Trust, the State of the Union Coalition led by Oxfam to ensure continental and regional policies are pro-poor and inclusive of a gender perspective.  The case study highlights the need to refine monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to capture critical steps in the policy-making process.  The Learning Hub is led by Triple Line Consulting.

Amplifying Citizens’ Voices

Amplifying citizen voice: is a case study produced by the Learning Hub that supports DFID’s Africa Regional Empowerment and Accountability Programme.  The case study examines how AREAP implementing partners, Afrobarometer, the Southern Africa Trust, the State of the Union Coalition led by Oxfam generate and use evidence to inform the policy making processes of the African Union (AU), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and at national levels.  It demonstrates why high quality evidence is important in empowering citizens.  The Learning Hub is led by Triple Line Consulting

Siyavuna Development Centre (2013 Drivers of Change Civil Society Award Recipient)

Director Diane Pieters said winning the Drivers of Change award “was really huge for the organisation and it was a big deal.” The immediate benefit to the organisation was that it strengthened their funding proposals, with the result that of seven funding proposals sent out after receiving the award, six were successful, with the seventh only not succeeding because the funder’s funding cycle was completed.

Winning the award has also spurred innovation in the organisation, motivating staff with the result that positive changes have been wrought. One of these is more effective farmer ownership. Where previously it was Siyavuna staff who drove to collection points to pick up fresh produce, it is now a farmer doing the collecting, providing positive proof to members that they are taking greater control of the value chain. This creates a sense (among farmers) that this really is ‘our co-op, our business’. Additionally, Farmers Associations have been started in three new areas since the award was announced, and farmers “are really producing, taking it seriously. With farmers becoming more adept and established, markets are also beginning to open up as co-ops move into a position where certain crops can be guaranteed. Thus larger restaurants are placing bulk orders while crops are still in the ground, said Pieters. While the aim is to have a dedicated Kumnandi fresh produce shop, a partner organisation (Total SA) have in the meantime offered free space and signage in one of their 24-hour retail shops.

Pieters said the award really cemented their relationship with partners Volkswagen and Total, and the office has been receiving “interesting phone calls” from resourced individuals offering their help. She said the farmers are really beginning to take their businesses seriously. “We’re seeing women find their voice and become assertive and make plans for themselves.”

Angela Larkan

Angela Lakarn (2013 Drivers of Change Individual Award Recipient)

“Tackling large social problems can be lonely, discouraging, and a lot of hard work, but recognition through the Southern African Trust Drivers of Change Award made me proud of what I had accomplished and gave me enormous encouragement and renewed commitment. When the award reflected on Thanda After-school’s positive community initiatives and commended me on my role in creating sustainable change, I felt supported and respected by reputable peers in the NGO sector. This has inspired me to do more, think bigger, and to expand Thanda to impact more communities across southern Africa. Starting Thanda to support children in rural communities when I was only 19 years old was an enormous challenge. For years, we worked alone without networks of colleagues and little financial, community, or business support. We often felt isolated and often times despondent. The Southern African Drivers of Change award was affirmation from the social sector that Thanda has an important role to play in the future of South Africa, and meant that the hard work and sacrifices had laid a foundation for something bigger. It gave us invaluable legitimacy that has led to important publicity, partnerships, and funding opportunities.

Through the award, I am now even more committed to making as big a contribution to social upliftment as I possibly can. Just by being at the awards ceremony we were approached by the KFC Add Hope programmes who are now assisting with our feeding scheme. The award further led to the organisation being featured in the Mail & Guardian newspaper which resulted in eTV filming a documentary on Thanda and then secretly getting three staff members to compete on the OMO sponsored game show ‘You Deserve It’, from which R61 000 in prize money went to Thanda. My sincere appreciation is extended to the Southern African Trust for this honour”, Angela Lakarn said.

Small Business Development In Connection With the Inclusive Business Concept

Use of Studies for National and Regional Policy Dialogues

Based on the research in the countries Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa and Malawi, knowledge accumulated on the regulatory frameworks and support structures, together with the key challenges and recommendations of each target country were disseminated to stakeholders in the field of SMME development and inclusive business, and a regional dialogue was convened in South Africa. In almost every target country the participation of media representatives was arranged, including national TV representatives in Zambia and Mauritius. The national policy dialogues were convened jointly with the local research partners.

Date and Location of

the Policy Dialogues

Number of participants and key stakeholders

MauritiusPort Louis, May 15, 2013

12 delegates, amongst them representatives from

  • Mauritius Ministry of Business, Enterprise, and Co-operatives;
  • Development Bank of Mauritius
  • Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority (SMEDA)
  • Enterprise Mauritius
  • University of Mauritius.

South Africa, Midrand, May 20, 2013

45 delegates, amongst them representatives from

  • South Africa Department for Trade and Industry;
  • Department of Economic Development;
  • Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA);
  • National Youth Development Agency (NYDA);
  • Afrikaanse Handelsinstituut;
  • ILO;
  • Massmart
  • ABSA;
  • South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA);
  • Mthente;
  • University of Pretoria and GIBS;
  • as well as a larger group of SMME representatives.

Zambia, Lusaka, May 22, 2013

28 delegates , amongst them representatives from

  • Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry (MCTI);
  • Zambia Development Agency (ZDA); Technical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Authority (TEVETA);
  • Zambia Institute for Policy Analysis and Research (ZIPAR);
  • SeedCo;
  • ZANACO Bank Plc.;
  • as well as a larger group of SMME representatives.

Malawi, Blantyre, June 6, 2013

20 delegates, amongst them representatives from

  • Ministry of Industry & Trade;
  • Ministry of Justice;
  • National Association of Business Women (NABW);
  • Unilever South East Africa;
  • RAB Processors Limited;
  • Carlsberg Malawi Ltd.

Mozambique, Maputo,

June, 10, 2013


20 delegates, amongst them representatives from

  • Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Investment Promotion Centre (CPI) of the Ministry Planning and Development;
  • Institute for the Promotion of Small and Medium Enterprises (IPEME);
  • Confederation of Business Associations (CTA);
  • Finance Institute of Development (GAPI);
  • UNIDO;
  • ILO;
  • Netherland Development Organization (SNV);
  • Building Markets,
  • Vodacom;
  • Sasol;
  • as well as a larger group of SMME representatives.

Regional Dialogue


South Africa, Sandton,  June 28, 2013


22 delegates from seven countries, amongst them representatives from the:

  • SADC Secretariat ;
  • Ministries of Trade and Industry, e.g. from Mauritius, and South Africa;
  • governmental support agencies for SMME development from Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi and South Africa;
  • Investment Promotion Centre (CPI) of the Mozambican Ministry of Planning and Development;
  • NEPAD Business Foundation
  • Trust Africa;
  • all local research partners; and
  • others

In all policy dialogues the participants were informed about:

  • Inclusive business;
  • The regulatory framework in the target country;
  • The SMME support structure in the target country;
  • Challenges around SMME development and inclusive business;
  • Successful examples of inclusive business in the target country; and
  • Recommendations


Governments and other stakeholders of the five target countries have indicated their interest to further collaborate with the Southern Africa Trust on SMME development and inclusive business or use the findings and recommendations of the studies and/or policy dialogues. Follow-up processes have been started in Mauritius, South Africa and Mozambique.

The Trust is, for example, was involved in a start of the development of an Inclusive Township Development Strategy for South Africa, driven by the country’s Department for Economic Development.  It was able to present the concept of inclusive business in front of representatives of three governmental departments and was regarded as the expert group to support the Department for Economic Development in the endeavor on developing the above strategy. Unfortunately, due to staff turnover in that department, the collaboration is dormant at the moment. The Trust was also able to introduce a key stakeholder, the chairperson of the South African Spaza Shops (tuck shops) to the departments in order to involve key players on the ground in national policy decision making.

In Mauritius, as a direct consequence of a workshop held by the Trust, the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry for Business, Enterprise and Cooperatives approached the World Bank already in the year 2013 for a grant to foster the inclusion of small enterprises into companies’ value chain.

In Mauritius, the Government has approached the Trust to define indicators that the Mauritius government can use for a newly created award for companies that implement inclusive business practices. Furthermore the Government approached the Trust to develop slogans for a broader media campaign on inclusive business in Mauritius including, newspapers, radio, TV and billboards. These slogans and ‘messages’ were send to the Government in August 2014.  Still, as an direct outcome from the Trust’s workshop in May 2013, the above Ministry will address the Finance Department to fund a help desk and Human Resources for the issue of inclusive business in Mauritius.

Finally, the above ministry also offered to arrange money for the possible support of a project idea on inclusive business. The Trust in collaboration with its local partner has provided the ministry with a project idea.

A grant project of the Southern Africa Trust was approved to conduct additional research on companies’ involvement in inclusive business and to develop a Supplier Development programme for the involvement of small and micro enterprises in the value chain of larger Mauritian companies. The project meanwhile has the buy-in of some ten companies and two governmental departments. The project shall result in community-based organisations offering support to develop small and micro enterprises as suppliers and distributors for larger companies, working together with governmental support structures for SME development and being funded by the national (obligatory) CSR Fund.

In Mozambique, a follow up meeting was made with relevant governmental entities to foster inclusive business in the country. This is envisaged to happen through the Mozambican Council for Inclusive Business, supported by Government. The Trust had been approached to strengthen this Council which will lead to more inclusive business in the country and more companies using the B4D Tools.

In the meantime, the Trust has also launched its B4D Pathfinder Tools in Mozambique in front of 50 participants and this was possible as partners were gained from the national workshop on SMME development and inclusive business in June 2013.  Partners in the launch have been The Netherlands Development Organisation SNV, the Confederacao das Associacoes Economicas de Mozambique (CTA, Mozambican Employers Federation) and the Mozambican Council for Inclusive Business, (CNI). The launch (and the above national workshop) also resulted in the interest of SNV in being a B4D Expert Organisation fostering the issue of inclusive business and promoting the B4D pathfinder Tools in Mozambique. This has already led to SNV discussing the B4D Pathfinder Tools with 3 key companies in Mozambique.

In the other two target countries of the project, contacts have been made to foster inclusive business and SMME development, for example with the Zambian Chamber of Small & Medium Business Associations (ZCSMBA). Again, the presentation of the study results was the door opener for the further interest of stakeholders.

enke: Make Your Mark (2012 Drivers of Change Civil Society Award Recipient)

Enke: Make your Mark, a youth entrepreneurship organisation working with 997 young people since 2009 aims to build a network of young people to take action on urgent local issues, was the winner of the 2012 Drivers of Change: Civil Society Award.

Vimbai Gwata, communications manager at enke, says: “We went into the awards ceremony in 2012 happy to have been nominated. Just the credibility of being nominated was great and we honestly did not expect to win. However, winning the award was gratifying as it showed that our commitment to youth development has been recognised externally. The award was affirmation of all the hard work we had done leading up to that point. The award has made a big difference for the organisation. Not only is our name more recognisable with funders and prospective funders, but also with the youth we are trying to help. This award made us realise that we are doing something of great significance, this significance can be translated into real-world benefits. We have been able to enter into more partnerships and collaborations with organisations doing similar work to us.

Importantly, it has also seen us get more funding, so from a promotional perspective it has made a marked difference to the organisation. Initially we were elated with the recognition for the work we have been doing in the youth space. But it is so much more than that. It adds credibility to our work and provides gratification for ourselves as well as those who have been supporting us. It shows them that they are involved in a respected organisation that has the recognition of its peers. Since winning the award, participation in the organisation has doubled. We are looking at expanding our services not only into the rest of sub-Saharan Africa. There is definitely a more long-term vision to the organisation than before the award. We only won the award three or four years after we started. So organisations expecting immediate rewards will be disappointed. Ultimately, the success and accolades are secondary to the passion of working with the youth”.


Impact of GIZ Grants Project

The Trust was approached by GIZ South Africa to develop two chapters for their publication ‘Value chain development by the private sector in Africa’, which was published in the first quarter of the year 2013. The Trust thus was responsible for (1) a country study on inclusive business in South Africa, which also included two small case studies on companies; and (2) the description of the B4D pathfinder project as one of the approaches that fosters inclusive business in the region.

The Trust also assisted the GIZ in finding authors for two additional chapters of the book.

It is difficult to estimate the impact of the publication itself. It is distributed on a global level to GIZ offices and other organisations & players that work in the field of inclusive business.

In South Africa, the publication led to a brown bag lunch with GIZ project managers who work in various fields (energy, good governance, SMME development etc.). The participants of that workshop were very interested in the work of the B4D Pathfinder and the B4D Pathfinder Tools, and follow up meetings were made with GIZ staff in the field of ‘Good Governance’ and ‘Health’. In particular, the GIZ project manager of the Good Governance project was interested to use and modify the B4D Barometer to measure financial flows to municipalities and the concrete use thereof by the municipalities. The project idea was rain-checked by the Trust’s management (due to work overload of the B4D Pathfinder staff).

The brown bag lunch also led an exchange with the GIZ BESD project which focuses on the collaboration with the key governmental support agency for SMME development in South Africa (SEDA) and the efforts to establish a train the trainer approach to achieve better training courses for start-ups.

Finally the short case studies – one with a company in the health sector – also led to a PPP between the GIZ and the company which was analysed in the case study by the Trust. In other words, the role of the Trust was to link GIZ with the company that analysed in the the case study. The PPP is currently under review, however through the impulse of the Trust the GIZ offered to support the establishment of seven primary health care clinics to the above company. The Trust stays in contact with both partners and was recently addressed to facilitate between the partners.

Most importantly, the writing of the two book chapters as well as other collaboration with GIZ South Africa, in particular its sector project GIZ-CCPS (Centre for Collaboration with the Private Sector) led to a constant exchange between the B4D pathfinder project and the GIZ CCPS on the issue of inclusive business and options for collaborations.

Southern Africa Trust Impact Stories

The Trust’s work on the SADC Poverty and Development Conference and Summit demonstrates how it has increased regional policy dialogue by civil society organisation


2009 Interim Impact Assessment of the Southern Africa Trust

This report provides an overview of how the Southern Africa Trust has implemented its work since 2006 and what its impact has been towards achieving its founding purpose to support deeper and wider regional engagement in policy development to overcome poverty in southern Africa. This summary gives brief pointers to some but by no means all, of the main outcomes of the Trust’s work over the period. It demonstrates how the Trust has enabled voices of the poor to have an impact on policy development in southern Africa.