The City Of Quelimane under the Leadership of Mayor Manuel De Aroujo - Quelimane, a town in Mozambique, had fallen to ruin with the cathedral abandoned and used by street kids, the supermarket closed and the cinema flooded due to the town's proximity to a river mouth. After Manuel de Araújo was appointed Mayor in December 2011, things began to change. Mayor De Araújo has motivated the people to get involved in fixing up the town for themselves, and the changes have encouraged them to start paying taxes. Together, they have cleaned up trenches where mosquitoes usually breed, thereby reducing cases of malaria; reopened the fish market; repaired the local swimming pool; and fixed roads. The judges believe the city of Quelimane under the governance of Mr de Araújo "creates employment, deals with environmental challenges and encourages giving by getting citizens to make the business of development their business".


Dr. Vuyo Mahlati - President on the International Women's Forum of South Africa and entrepreneur - typifies the idea of an African Renaissance woman. While working both practically and intellectually in the urban development, poverty reduction, gender equality and policy implementation spheres - she is still committed to the ethos of Ubuntu and care. "Her humility and keen grasp of economic and development issues at the micro and macro levels make her one of Africa's most persuasive young leaders", the judges said.


Mowoza: Mobile Running - is a mobile phone platform that simplifies the way informal cross-border traders buy and sell their products. Informal traders often have difficulties when carrying cash, and this platform helps to eliminate this risk by sourcing products through a network of suppliers accessible via a mobile phone. MoWoza is also able to streamline the supply chain through an SMS service, can negotiate bulk discounts and have created a trusted taxi distribution network that delivers the consignments. The judges said: "The company's products and services promote inclusive business that empowers cross-border traders to enable them to do business better."


Kikukwe Community Development Initiative - is a community initiative in Tanzania where advanced beekeeping hives using Langstroth technology have been provided to help 200 widows earn a living. Beneficiaries earn a good income selling the honey and wax. An additional bonus is that the bees have increased crop pollination and record harvests have been seen in the banana, maize, beans and groundnut farms. The project has influenced national agricultural policy - the Tanzanian government is now looking at how to promote and support beekeeping at farms. The judges believe that this project, "Is innovative, creates employment for women and it is easy to replicate and upscale".



The Siyavuna Development Centre is an innovative agricultural programme developed to alleviate poverty by stimulating local agriculture in Kwazulu Natal. Its mission is to train and mentor organic farmers to develop successful agri-businesses, linking them to markets through the Kumnandi brand. Through this model, rural farmers grow organic produce - a valuable commodity in today's market. The farmers then form part of a network where cash is circulated within their community 13 produce is collected and paid for at collection points. The co-operative then sells the produce to established markets in the first economy. The greatest benefit of this programme is that this is a highly effective model, which is easy to learn, replicate and implement, encouraging similar systems in similar areas.


Angela Larkin was motivated to create a low-resource model that she believed could help orphans and vulnerable children affected by the HIV / Aids epidemic. But, when funding proved hard to secure she decided to start Thanda Afterschool herself. Five years later Thanda is still a successful initiative through Angela's visionary, innovate and pioneering ideas. She has taken tremendous strides to decrease malnutrition and food insecurity amongst youth by initiating a Feeding Scheme that provides for over 350 children, agricultural programmes that encourage youth to start their own home gardens and community garden initiatives that help unemployed youth, adults and the elderly to earn an income. Thanda Afterschool also provides a safe, secure environment where kids can learn, take part in art and dance classes and receive counselling.


Unjani Clinic, a division of Imperial Health Sciences provides affordable, high quality primary healthcare to people in rural and hard-to-access areas. Using reconverted shipping containers, the clinics serve as on-site dispensaries, nursing stations and medical advice centres. For a greatly subsidised fee, patients can get access to their medicines, nursing care and advice on how to manage their conditions. This helps relieve the pressure on the public health system. Poor health, disease and disability prevent low-income communities in South Africa from working full time, thus limiting their income. Healthier people can contribute towards economic activity and growth and escape the poverty trap. This in turn enhances their dignity and self-esteem, which affects the whole family.



The former prime minister of Lesotho, despite his party having won more parliamentary seats than others, accepted the opposition party coalition taking over the government of Lesotho because he believed that peace and stability in the country is more important than him being the prime minister or who gets jobs as ministers. As prime minister, he worked tirelessly to stabilize Lesotho and build a culture of political inclusion.


The rich and poor young people in enke: Make Your Mark, a youth-driven education and entrepreneurship organisation, are challenging the barriers of inequality in South Africa by voluntarily doing something to bridge the glaring social and economic divides. These inspired young people are igniting an entrepreneurial spirit of action for self-generated progress amongst young people.


Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, the new chairperson of the African Union Commission, has consistently proven that focused leadership and hard work can change the way that the civil service works for citizens. Her skilled determination and cross-border sensibility is expected to drive a new approach to citizen-focused governance and nose-to-the-grind development work for African progress through integration.


Anglo American's enterprise development arm, Zimele, has not only invested R655 million to support more than 1,200 small businesses that created 23,000 jobs, it has also transformed its own supply chain to offer sustained business opportunities to the small businesses through its own core business operations. This is an excellent example of doing inclusive business that at one maximizes social benefits and optimises profits.



Advocate Thuli Madonsela forfeited a Harvard scholarship to focus on her role as one of the drafters of the post-apartheid constitution.

She has been instrumental in human rights and civic activism since the early eighties and has contributed to the development of a host of laws enacted to transform South Africa's legal system since 1994.

In 2009 she was appointed by the President as South Africa's third Public Protector, after being recommended by Parliament following a hundred percent vote in her favour by all parties represented in Parliament. Since her appointment, Advocate Madonsela has demonstrated leadership and carried out her mission without fear or prejudice – bringing a new prominence to the role of the public protector, the concept of "the public interest", and the primacy of the public sphere.

She has contributed significantly to strengthening constitutional democracy and has emerged as a major driver of change in South Africa, the judges said.


Dr Theo Ben Gurirab was the Prime Minister of Namibia from 2002 to 2005. He was also Namibia's foreign minister and is now the Speaker of Namibia's parliament. He changed history for the people of Namibia through protracted negotiations that led to the country's independence.

With over 35 years in the field of diplomacy and international affairs, Dr Gurirab presided over the adoption of the UN Millennium Declaration in 2000 that was the basis for setting the global Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDG framework has, for the past ten years, been the single most comprehensive, inclusive, and globally embraced poverty-focused development agenda.

Dr Gurirab also chaired the United Nations reform process. In changing world where the governance of international organisations and development strategies need constant review, Dr Theo Ben Gurirab has been a driver of change, the judges said.


The Trust for Urban Housing, a joint project with Futuregrowth Asset Management, is driving change in the inner city property renewal. The Trust supports emerging inner-city property entrepreneurs by financing building projects that transform inner city living spaces for the rental property market.

The Trust is an example of the impact of on-the-ground social entrepreneurship that at once assists entrepreneurs to realise their dreams of owning a sustainable business and uplifts communities.

It empowers lower income groups to join the property investment market as equals, in areas where banks are reluctant to invest. In 2010, 4,647 units were refurbished and 9,294 jobs created as a result of the Trust's investments.

Today the majority of the property owners and landlords come from previously disadvantaged homes. This is an excellent demonstration of how low income groups can be organized into reliable markets when products are well-tailored to their needs... with remarkable social benefits, the judges said.


Asiye e Tafuleni means "let's go to the table". By taking a "bottom up" approach to compliment local government efforts, Asiye e Tafuleni collobarates with informal traders, local government officials, and town planners to creatively include the voices and interests of informal traders in urban planning and development.

As a social facilitation agency, AeT has been pioneering in research, multi-stakeholder dialogue and negotiation, policy development, and service delivery aimed at filling the pro-poor development vacuum that exists in urban design and planning.

Through its innovative work in the Warwick Avenue market area in Durban, South Africa, Asiye e Tafuleni is a driver for systemic change towards more inclusive cities across the southern Africa region.

The initiative exemplifies higher level partnerships that work for the benefit of vulnerable groups at a very local level, the judges said.



Ikamva Youth, A by-youth and for-youth township based education initiative that enables disadvantaged youth to get out of poverty and into university, Ikamva Youth leverages on the power of peer to peer learning, mentoring, and volunteerism and cross sector partnerships to transform South Africa's educational landscape. Learners who complete study are reintegrated as volunteers to tutor upcoming groups while some join the branch management committees of the initiative.

Less than 10% of learners attending township schools access tertiary education. With this model, more than 70 percent of Ikamva Youth's grade 12 groups have gained access to tertiary education. Learners whose parents are under-educated and unemployed are breaking the cycle of poverty through education, taking responsibility for their own education and their future. "These learners are true drivers of change as they are also setting a good example for other younger learners to become agents of change for their own success" the Judges said.


Jay Naidoo, Jay Naidoo was the South African Minister responsible for the reconstruction and development programme in the first democratic government of South Africa. Whilst Minister of Telecommunications, he promoted the development of connectivity in remote rural areas designed to offer poor people opportunities for education, communication and work. From 2001, he has chaired the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), a premier development finance institution that drives social and economic infrastructure development in southern Africa.

He is also chairperson of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), a global organisation that is driving an improvement in nutrition for millions of people in 25 countries through innovative public-private partnerships to fortify staple food items like maize and salt, for example, so that they have better nutritional value for poor people.

Jay is known for transforming the trade union movement through his leadership of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). The Judges applaud Jay Naidoo for making a significant impact towards overcoming poverty and stimulating


Sindiso Ngwenya, Sindiso Ngwenya is the Secretary General of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). He has been instrumental in bringing together the region's 3 economic blocs: COMESA, the East African Community (EAC), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), into a tri-partite association. This is resulting in the 3 communities rapidly working towards trading as a single market of about 600 million people, leading to more political stability and prosperity.

He moved COMESA from being dormant to the implementation of a customs union. COMESA has 19 countries with a combined population of 430 million citizens. It offers its members and partners a wider, harmonised and more competitive market. He also promoted the development of many supporting institutions around COMESA. Civil society, business and the public have access to the COMESA secretariat and the Secretary General – an openness which has contributed significantly to its and his success.

Sindiso Ngwenya is a driver of change for African economic development. "His dedication to poverty eradication and equitable development in Africa through enabling access to broader markets by businesses in the region is commendable" said the Judges. Through his leadership, a future is being crafted out for Africa that looks promising.


In recognition of the great work that organisations are doing to eradicate poverty, the judges asked the Southern Africa Trust to introduce a new Chairperson's award this year. The award is given to outstanding organisations or individuals who may not have met all the criteria for the awards or may not have been nominated, but are making a noteworthy contribution to driving systemic change in the way things are done in the southern Africa region.

Winner: Yeoville Community School, The Yeoville Community School is a learning institution for children between 6 and 12 years old, from grades Reception to 7. Seventy percent (70 %) of the children at the school are documented and undocumented immigrants from the DRC, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Angola with the remaining 30% coming from poor South African families. The school goes well beyond the normal education curriculum, focusing also on educating it's children and the surrounding community on inter-cultural diversity as a contribution against xenophobia. The Yeoville Community School is a driver of change by providing access to education to undocumented poor migrant children, in the face of the South African education system's hostility towards accepting undocumented migrants into the system. It is also a driver of change by being an outstanding example of how possible it is to build a united regional community in southern Africa. "The school sends the right message about real learning for a better future in our region" said the Judges.



Dr Bingu wa Mutharika, President of Malawi, recognized for changing Malawi from a country in perpetual food deficit to one that is entirely food sufficient. The boom in this sector has had a direct impact on millions of poor people. Under his leadership, poverty in Malawi has declined from 58 to 42 percent in five years. Through his direct involvement in turning Malawi's future around, he is building new confidence and hope amongst the citizens of Africa in their governments.

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The Luanda Urban Poverty Programme (LUPP) in Angola, for driving systemic change in the way poverty reduction programmes are run in Angola, through a fresh approach that others have struggled to achieve. It is building participatory governance and more effective delivery of housing and basic services such as water. Benefitting over 400,000 of Luanda's poorest, LUPP has successfully laid the foundation for poor citizens to become active in shaping their futures.


A unique partnership between Dr Xolile Ngethu, WBHO Construction, and the Commark Trust for driving change in the way corporate social responsibility is practised. When WBHO Construction won the contract to build a road between Mount Frere and Matatiele in South Africa's Eastern Cape province, it partnered with Commark and Dr Ngethu to support black farmers earn more income from their cattle. The initiative has seen black farmers access previously inaccessible red meat markets, turning their cattle into assets that are generating real and lasting returns. The project is making markets work for the poor in the Eastern Cape.

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Archbishop Njongo Ndungane, for his lifelong commitment to place the poor at the centre of social and economic policies and his efforts to drive change in the way leadership is exercised in Africa. Through his African Monitor initiative, he remains as steadfast as ever in pushing rich countries to meet their commitments to the poor in Africa while also working to ensure that the aid that is given benefits the communities it is intended to reach.

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The Basic Needs Basket (BNB) is an innovative monthly survey of how much it costs a family of six to meet its basic food and non-food essentials, compared against an average family income.  Over the years, the independent survey produced through the involvement of ordinary people in districts throughout Zambia, has shaped how the national budget is interpreted.  The BNB has become a major tool for ordinary people to talk to policymakers about national priorities to overcome poverty. This instrument is now being used in Malawi, South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria.   “This is a very innovate project with a very strong impact in the region and its partnership with other organisations is a good example of government working together… demonstrates that REAL people are making an input” the judges said. 


Nominated for his leadership role in convincing African leaders, decision makers and the international community that Africa has the ability and political will to find African solutions to Africa’s problems to reduce poverty through agricultural growth.  He drove the adoption of the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme. Professor Mkandawire’s continuing work has a far reaching impact that is already driving lasting change in many countries across the region. The quiet yet determined resolve of this highly respected Malawian agricultural economist has attracted considerable African and global attention to the development of African agriculture and raised much needed hope for Africa’s future.  “The commitment shown by this individual of overcoming hunger and poverty in Africa is highly commended,” the judges said.


A special joint award goes to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development of Mauritius and the Mauritius Council for Social Service (MACOSS). They’ve been driving a major change to how regional priorities are set in our region. The ministry was instrumental in convening heads of states and governments from all Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, together with business associations and a wide range of civil society groups as real partners in a dialogue on poverty and development in southern Africa. That was the first gathering of its kind in our region. It set a precedent to develop a shared vision and social cohesion to overcome poverty in our part of the world.   MACOSS cooperated to support civil society organisations to prepare fully for the dialogue that resulted in the decision to create a SADC poverty observatory that will ensure continued cooperation between the different groups.  Together, they then went well beyond that initial step. The ministry announced a plan to eradicate extreme poverty in Mauritius, in partnership with MACOSS and the private corporates that agreed to fund 30% of the programme costs as part of their corporate social responsibility.


Hosted by the Lesotho Textile Exporters’ Association, the Apparel Lesotho Alliance to Fight AIDS (ALAFA) is a coalition of apparel manufacturers, retailers, workers, international clothing brands, international organisations, and the Lesotho government. The largest and most productive employment sector in Lesotho, the apparel industry employs 46, 000 mostly women workers who are poorly skilled, 43% of whom are estimated to be HIV positive. Clearly outstanding is its innovative sector wide public-private-community partnership that is showing how possible it is to protect key productive economic sectors from the ravages of HIV and AIDS in poor countries by bringing together the key interest groups in a partnership. With this initiative, more than 32,000 workers are part of the HIV and AIDS prevention programme and it is estimated that 25, 000 workers now have access to care and treatment.

“Through this project, many individuals have been enabled to maintain dignity and self-respect, irrespective of their HIV status.  The added benefit of sustained employment creates a platform for financial independence and an improved quality of life which is most encouraging” said the judges.



The Ministry of Planning and Development (MPD) of the Government of Mozambique, is a shining example of promoting high participation of civil society organisations in the public policies aimed at overcoming poverty.

Listening to the voice of civil society organisations, the MPD developed the Plan of Action for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty (PARPA II) which is the main public policy instrument incorporating more that 70% of their contributions. Setting a platform for open policy debate, the MPD established the Poverty Observatory Secretariat, a consultative forum whose main role is to monitor the objectives and goals undertaken by public and private bodies within the ambit of PARPA. The Poverty Observatory, has a membership of 60, consisting of 20 members each from government, international community and civil society constituting what is known as the Group of 20 (G20).

A sound relationship exists between the secretariats of the Poverty Observatory and the G20. In this regard, public policies and strategies in overcoming poverty are sent to the G20 secretariat that in turn circulates the information to over 200 civil society organisations in the country. An Annual Report on Poverty is prepared with the involvement of all stakeholders. In addition, civil society organisations through the G20, participate in the process of Joint Revision, periodically evaluating the government performance and donors.

The Panel of Judges noted that governments alone cannot eradicate poverty and their efforts should be complemented by all key stakeholders in society. To this end, they unanimously agreed to confer a JOINT SPECIAL AWARD to the Ministry of Planning and Development of Mozambique and the G20 citing their outstanding and creative partnership as a model for other government/civil society partnerships.   


Allan Gray
Driven by a deep concern with regard to the prevalence of poverty and unemployment in large parts of southern Africa,  Allan Gray has together with the boards and management  of Allan Gray Limited and Orbis Investment Management Limited, devised a multi-faceted initiative to promote job creation by fostering excellence in entrepreneurship through both funding and education.  This opened the possibility for talented young South Africans to broaden their dreams for the future.  This initiative is trying to fill the gap of qualified black professionals and entrepreneurs in South Africa by ensuring that the efforts are paid forward and therefore kept sustainable for future’ fellows’ and aspiring entrepreneurs. Allan Gray Limited also plans empowerment structures in Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland.


African Wildlife Foundation
For the past four and a half decades, the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) has been involved in the evolution of applied conservation in Africa. AWF engages communities in the management of shared natural resources. An example is the involvement of communities in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Zambia (ZiMoZa) in the management of fisheries where two of southern Africa’s biggest rivers meet, the Zambezi River and the Luangwa. AWF in collaboration with the fisheries departments from ZiMoZa are creating awareness among the fishers on the need to use bigger net mesh sizes so as to catch fish that have only matured.  It is the joining together of communities, NGO’s and government sectors in the efforts of bringing both environmental and human needs onto one platform.  The projects capture what the essence of an organisation that is a driver of change, specifically in its field.  African Wildlife Foundation is linking sound conservation practices directly with supporting sustainable local livelihoods. It sees interventions to deal with these shared resources management issues and community participation as a way to practically demonstrate and implement provisions of the SADC protocols on fisheries and shared watercourses.

Citation: Driver of Change Award to Dr José Negrão

The Drivers of Change award honours individuals, government, civil society and business organizations from southern Africa that go beyond the conventional in making a real impact, especially in developing effective public policies and strategies, to end poverty. It recognises innovative and inclusive strategies, practices, attitudes, approaches and processes that create the best conditions to make a real and lasting difference in the lives of people living in poverty.

The inaugural winner of this award was an individual who inspired the lives of many people in Mozambique and throughout southern Africa who work to end poverty. Dr José Negrão was a professor of Development Economics at the University of Eduardo Mondlane and was a founding member of Cruzeiro do Sul, a research institute addressing a wide range of issues including poverty and rural development.

An advocate of land rights and promoter of an evidence-based approach to development, Dr Negrão put the voices of the poor at the centre of his scholarly work and activism. His research informed a wide range of advocacy and campaigning initiatives to overcome poverty. And he became a distinguished leader in the development of land law for which he is renowned not only in Mozambique but in Africa as a whole.

He demonstrated firm commitment and exceptional ability in bringing together divergent views and interests to ensure that the poor have access to and possess land not only based on the issuance of a title but through acknowledgement of peoples’ historical rights to land as communities on the basis of occupation and oral testimony.

In national and regional dialogue about overcoming poverty, Dr Negrão played an instrumental role in introducing a process whereby the perceptions of people living in poverty were taken into account and used to enrich the understanding of poverty and the appropriate strategies to make a real impact on their lives.

Characteristic of great people of history, Dr Negrão was a man who wore many hats: he was an active member of the G20 in Mozambique, a group that represents the voice of civil society in the national Poverty Observatory, an innovative process that has developed a collective national vision for development in Mozambique; a member of the Mozambican Debt Group; served on the boards of directors of the Southern African Regional Poverty Network (SARPN) and the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA); and was an ardent participant in the Pan African Programme on Land and Resource Rights.

No stranger to awards, Dr Negrão received the Desmond Tutu Footprints of Legend Leadership Award in 2002 and was named personality of the year by the Mozambican weekly newspaper Savana.

A great communicator, selfless, an innovator, devoted to people-centred policies, and a pragmatist – all distinctive qualities that were seen by the Panel of Judges which unanimously awards, posthumously, Dr José Negrão the Driver of Change award for 2006.